New York

North America Declaration (DNA)

MEXICO CITY, January 10, 2023 – Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, President Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador and President Joseph R. Biden meet today in Mexico City for the 10th Annual North American Summit (NALS) Did.

Leaders are determined to strengthen the region’s security, prosperity, sustainability and inclusiveness through commitments across six pillars: 2) Climate change and the environment. 3) Competitiveness; 4) Migration and Development. 5) health; 6) community security.

North America shares a unique history and culture that values ​​innovation, equitable development, and reciprocal trade, creating inclusive economic opportunities for the benefit of our people. We are more than just neighbors and partners. Our people share a bond of family, friendship and, above all, the values ​​of freedom, justice, human rights, equality and democracy. This is North American DNA.

Diversity, Equity and Inclusion

Diversity, equity and inclusion are the foundation of our nation’s strength, vitality and resilience. We are focused on providing marginalized communities with opportunities for full, equal and meaningful participation in our democracy and economy. To advance these goals, Prime Minister Trudeau, President Lopez Obrador, and President Biden will work to protect civil rights, promote racial justice, expand protection for LGBTQI+ people, and achieve fairer outcomes for all. reiterated their joint commitment to bring

We work with indigenous peoples to promote innovative and sustainable solutions that respect their traditional knowledge, foster indigenous-led growth and foster job creation. Through the Trilateral Working Group on Violence against Indigenous Women and Girls, we will continue to work together to build societies where indigenous women and girls can live, learn and lead without fear. Indigenous women from all three countries will meet in the coming weeks to facilitate discussion on priorities and best practices, including in the areas of political, economic and social development. The three countries also reaffirm their commitment to gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls in all diversity by aiming to improve financial and political support for the rights of women and girls. .

climate change and the environment

Canada, Mexico and the United States recognize the importance of taking swift and coordinated steps to address the climate crisis and address its consequences. This includes achieving their respective contributions for 2030 as determined by each country under the Paris Agreement, and working with other countries to keep the 1.5°C temperature limit within reach. . To foster buy-in for ambitious emissions reductions, we will work together to coordinate approaches to estimating the social costs of greenhouse gas emissions.

We will continue to implement and build on our commitments on climate mitigation, adaptation and resilience at the 2021 North American Summit and reduce methane emissions from all sources with a renewed focus on waste methane. new focus on. We examine criteria for developing hydrogen as a local clean energy source. We will act quickly to accelerate the energy transition by deploying clean energy solutions, increasing the production and adoption of zero-emission vehicles in North America, and moving to cleaner fuels. Working with indigenous peoples, we will protect biodiversity, work to end deforestation, and do our part to protect 30% of the world’s land and water by 2030. Repeat pledge.


Recognizing the benefits of the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA), we aim to deepen the region’s capacity to attract quality investment, foster innovation and strengthen economic resilience. ing. To enhance regional competitiveness, the three countries will build stronger regional supply chains and target future key industries, such as semiconductors and electric vehicle batteries, critical to advancing electric vehicle development and infrastructure. We aim to encourage targeted investment. We convene public-private dialogue and plan our supply chains to address common challenges and opportunities.

Critical minerals are an essential ingredient in accelerating North America’s transition to clean energy. Countries review and plan existing and potential reserves of critical mineral resources in their regions while respecting the environment, respecting local communities and adhering to high ethical standards.

To support innovation, job creation and workforce development, the three governments will work with the private sector, civil society, workers and academia across North America to foster high-tech entrepreneurship and promote small and medium enterprises. , committed to strengthening technical education. It also explores trilateral approaches to promoting sustainable and inclusive work, developing workforces and meeting climate commitments.

Migration and development

Today marks the six-month anniversary of the Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection. The Declaration is a bold new framework for regional responsibility-sharing, endorsed by his 21 leaders on the occasion of the 9th Americas Summit. Each of the three North American nations has made ambitious commitments under the Los Angeles Declaration and has delivered on these commitments, particularly in terms of their usual pathways, including working together to facilitate labor migration in North America.

Since June, Canada, Mexico and the United States have collectively hosted record numbers of immigrants and refugees from the Western Hemisphere under newly expanded labor and humanitarian programs. Today, we affirm our joint commitment to safe, orderly and humane migration under the Los Angeles Declaration and other relevant multilateral frameworks. This includes supporting host communities and facilitating the integration of migrants and refugees. Provide protection to refugees, asylum seekers and vulnerable migrants. Strengthening asylum capacity in the region. Expand and facilitate normal pathways for migration and protection. Address the root causes and impacts of irregular migration and displacement. Work together to combat xenophobia and discrimination against migrants and refugees.

More than ever, we need to identify and address the root causes of irregular migration and displacement. Canada, Mexico and the United States are committed to helping countries in the Western Hemisphere create the conditions for an improved quality of life. Especially in marginalized communities, vulnerable to both forced internal and regional displacement and displacement. To that end, we engage our respective private sectors to promote responsible business practices, fulfill our obligations under CUSMA and international labor conventions, and work together to eliminate the use of forced and child labor in our supply chains. continue to work with


Trilateral health cooperation will focus on launching the Advanced North American Animal and Pandemic Influenza Plan (NAPAPI) to improve prevention, preparedness, agility and rapidly respond to health emergencies in North America. guess. The North American Health Security Working Group has launched the newly revised NAPAPI as a flexible, extensible, cross-sectoral platform to strengthen community prevention, preparedness, and response to a wide range of health security threats, including influenza. Develop and launch. As we emerge from the acute phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, we also recognize that resilient health systems, including strong health workers, are the foundation for building effective pandemic preparedness and response. We will continue our efforts to build stronger and more resilient health systems that meet a wide range of health needs in our countries.


Regional security

Canada, Mexico and the United States will focus on strategies to strengthen common continental security against national, regional and global threats, including cyber threats. Security cooperation continues to uphold our shared understanding that respect for human rights and the rule of law contribute to a safer North America. Our security cooperation includes actions to stop criminals and related crimes across borders, including money laundering, child sexual exploitation, firearms and human trafficking. We also take a consistent approach to the collection, use, processing, retention, and protection of Passenger Name Record (PNR) data to strengthen our shared security perimeter and public safety. International Civil Aviation Organization practice for PNR data.

We will continue the North American Drug Dialogue and, under the US presidency in 2023, will further advance our collaborative international efforts to address the growing global synthetic drug threat. We will intensify trilateral work to address the use of precursor chemicals in the production of illicit drugs. Not only will it disrupt the substance and drug trade in North America, but it will strengthen public health approaches to prevention, harm reduction, treatment, and recovery.

Both natural and man-made disasters pose increased risks to vulnerable populations, so we will continue to work together to share training and best practices to keep people safe and address emergencies, including natural and other disasters. deal with the situation. It recognizes the multiple impacts of disasters on women and girls and aims to integrate a gender perspective into these efforts.

I’m looking forward to

The commitments made at this summit represent a shared vision for a fairer, just, inclusive, resilient, secure, and prosperous North America and a more equitable outcome that meets the needs and aspirations of its citizens. It is rooted in a shared responsibility to achieve. As we work to implement these commitments in the coming year, we aim to model a trust-based, democratic and sustainable pathway to promote inclusive prosperity and security. Canada, Mexico and the United States look forward to building on this progress at the 11th NALS (NALS XI), sponsored by Canada. North America Declaration (DNA)

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