COVID-19 during pregnancy does not affect obstetric outcomes

Pregnant women with COVID-19, like newborns, have little risk of developing serious symptoms, according to a new study.

In fact, 95% of these women have shown good results, and researchers say that only 3% of babies are COVID-19 positive.

“But for 5% of pregnant women who are COVID-19 positive (those who are very ill), the risks to both mothers and babies are significant,” said Dr. Emily Adikali, lead author of the study. Medical Director of Perinatal Infectious Diseases) said. Parkland Hospital in Dallas.

However, pregnancy itself does not appear to increase the likelihood of COVID-19 complications, she said.

“Most women with asymptomatic or mild infections are relieved to know that their baby is less likely to get the virus,” Adhikari said.

“A study of all pregnant women with COVID-19 infection, both those who need to be hospitalized and those who do not, shows that the risk to the mother is similar to that of the general population,” she said. I added.

When the pandemic began, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention believed that pregnant women were at greater risk than other women. But the new findings should reassure that the risks of pregnant women are consistent with other groups, the researchers said.

“The first report from the CDC was very scary, but it may not be as bad as it seemed at the beginning,” said Dr. Jennifer Wu, an obstetrician and gynecologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Said. She wasn’t part of the study, but she reviewed the findings.

However, more data is needed to know the risk to mothers and babies with COVID-19 infection, Wu said. She added that the baby of the infected mother should be tested for COVID-19.

In this study, Adhikari and her colleagues followed approximately 3,400 pregnant women, of whom 252 were infected with COVID-19.

Of those who tested positive, 95% had no or mild symptoms. However, six women developed severe or severe COVID pneumonia.

Comparing women with and without COVID-19 during pregnancy, researchers found that they did not increase the risk of adverse consequences such as preterm birth, preeclampsia, and caesarean section for abnormal fetal heart rate. Adhikari said.

Preterm birth was higher in women with severe or serious illness, but it is difficult to predict which patients will. Researchers said diabetes can increase odds.

“Of the 252 infected women, the hospitalization rate for COVID-19 was 6%, similar to the general population hospitalization rate, which was lower than previously reported,” Adikali said. “Previous studies have suggested that nearly 20% of pregnant women with COVID-19 may require hospitalization.”

The study found that pregnancy did not appear to increase the risk of serious illness in the majority of women, she added.

Still, Wu said pregnant women, like everyone else, should wear masks and keep a social distance to minimize their chances of getting the virus.

“We believe that pregnant women are at increased risk of COVID-19 infection, so we need to take all precautions to avoid it,” Wu said.

The findings were published online this week in the journal JAMA Network Open.

For more information

For more information on COVID-19, please visit the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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COVID-19 during pregnancy does not affect obstetric outcomes

Source link COVID-19 during pregnancy does not affect obstetric outcomes

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